Cusco was a German cross-cultural new-age music band named after the Peruvian city of Cusco, which was once the capital of the Inca Empire. The band's music contains influences from music around the world, with an emphasis on South American flute sounds and melodies.

The band was led by founders [a=Michael Holm] (Lothar Bernhard Walter; born 1943) and [a=Kristian Schultze] (1945–2011). Michael Holm, already a successful vocal artist, sought to make a musical tribute to ancient cultures. He and Kristian Schultze, formerly a member of the jazz band [a=Passport (2)], shared musical and historical interests. In 1979, they formed Cusco, and released their first album in 1980. They were nominated for a Grammy award three times.